Red-Figure Cup Showing the Death of Pentheus (exterior) and a Maenad (interior) (500–480 B.C.) by Douris.

On the exterior of this cup, one of the finest surviving vases of the early Classical period, we witness the gruesome death of Pentheus, a mythical king of Thebes who had offended the god Dionysos by denying his divinity and forbidding his worship. The vengeful god—shown here seated with a wine cup in his hand and listening to a piping satyr (man-animal with horse’s tail and ears, and snub nose)—caused the wretched Pentheus to be attacked by a group of Theban women who had been worked into an ecstatic frenzy by the god. Coming upon Pentheus in the woods, they mistook him for a wild beast and, as the god had willed, tore him limb from limb. Two of the women are shown in the center of one scene grasping Pentheus’s head and twisted torso, his guts hanging out, his eyes staring blankly in the knowledge of death. Four other women wield aloft his dismembered legs, while a fifth, perhaps his mother, Agave, holds his garment and gazes skyward, oblivious for now to the identity of her victim. Another satyr completes the scene. The tondo on the interior of the cup shows a maenad (female follower of Dionysos) who grasps a young leopard by the tail with one hand and a thyrsos (magic wand) with the other. An inscription praises her charms: “The girl is beautiful.” She is shown turning her head,perhaps in response to the fearful events unfolding in the main scene. Working at the beginning of the Classical period, when Greek artists were preoccupied above all with the naturalistic representation of the human body, Douris is here seen grappling with many of the key developments that were to revolutionize Western art. He uses the naked satyrs in particular to display his talent with difficult three-quarter and frontal poses. The bodies of the women, on the other hand, are rendered more economically in outline through their diaphanous garments.
“ساکنان دریا بعد از مدتی صدای امواج دریا را نمی شنوند
چه تلخ است قصه ی عـــــــــــــادت

After a while, the residents of the sea do not hear the sound of the waves. How bitter it is, the story of routine.”
— Unknown (via likeafieldmouse)

THE SUN ON THE BOOKCASE by Thomas HardySelected Poems of Thomas Hardy


Selected Poems of Thomas Hardy

“No single Greek god even approaches Dionysus in the horror of his epithets, which near witness to a savagery that is absolutely without mercy… He is called the “render of men”, “the eater of raw flesh”, “who delights in the sword and bloodshed”. We hear not only of human sacrifice in his cult, but also of the ghastly ritual in which a man is torn to pieces. Where does this put us? Surely there can be no further doubt that this puts us into death’s sphere. The terrors of destruction, which make all if life tremble, belong also, as horrible desire, to the kingdom of Dionysus. The monster whose supernatural duality speaks to us from the mask has one side of his nature turned toward eternal night.”
— Walter F. Otto, Dionysus: Myth and Cult (via elucipher)
“Ancient moon priestesses were called virgins. ‘Virgin’ meant not married, not belong to a man-a woman who was ‘one-in-herself.’ The very word derives from a Latin root meaning strength, force, skill; and was later applied to men: virle. Ishtar, Diana, Astarte, Isis were all all called virgin, which did not refer to sexual chasity, but sexual independence. And all great culture heroes of the past…, mythic or historic, were said to be born of virgin mothers: Marduk, Gilgamesh, Buddha, Osiris, Dionysus, Genghis Khan, Jesus-they were all affirmed as sons of the Great Mother, of the Original One, their worldly power deriving from her. When the Hebrews used the word, and in the original Aramatic, it meant ‘maiden’ or ‘young woman’, with no connotations to sexual chasity. But later Christian translators could not conceive of the ‘Virgin Mary’ as a woman of independent sexuality, needless to say; they distorted the meaning into sexually pure, chaste, never touched. When Joan of Arc, with her witch coven associations, was called La Pucelle-‘the Maiden,’ ‘the Virgin’ - the word retained some of its original pagan sense of a strong and independent woman. The Moon Goddess was worshipped in orgiastic rites, being the divinity of matriarchal women free to take as many lovers as they choose. Women could ‘surrender’ themselves to the Goddess by making love to a stranger in her temple.”
— Monica Sjoo and Barbara Mor in the book “The Great Cosmic Mother -Rediscovering the Religion of the Earth” (via sacredwoman)


contrary to popular belief, youre not actually a better fan of something if you blatantly refuse to give any form of critical thought towards it


someone in the world is maimed or killed by a landmine every hour. apopo is a not for profit ngo that has spent the last twenty years developing and implementing “hero rats” to clear affected areas of their landmines - over 1500 in tanzania, where apopo is headquartered, 2,728 in mozambique, and 657 in thailand. there are also ongoing operations in angola and cambodia. 

rats are known to be amongst the most sensitive animals when it comes to smell, with more functional genes for their olfactory system than any other mammal. a rat’s nose is constantly active and moving, and is always close to ground where vapour concentrations are highest and wind speeds are lowest.

the african giant pouched rat, being highly sociable and native to sub saharan africa, is specifically trained to detect tnt and mine casing minerals. using a combination of click training and food rewarding that begins shortly after birth and lasts nine months, the rats are able to cover 100 square metres of land in 20 minutes - something a human would need an entire day to do.

weighing just over a kilogram, the rats are too light to set off a landmine, and not one has died from the work. apopo adheres to very strict animal welfare protocols, and the rats are treated with the greatest of care and attention, with most meeting their expected eight years of life.

photos by sylvain piraux. consider adopting a rat, where you’ll get real time updates on your rat’s training and life saving work. you can also chose to instead have your rat trained to sniff out tuberculosis in sub saharan african villages (apopo has trained rats to do in ten minutes what it takes lab technicians a day to detect)

How the gods handle their children's death:

  • Romans: They were a warrior. Their destiny has been foretold since the age of time. They died a hero and will end in the paradise of Elysium.
  • Greeks: *wails*



so today i learned that in the late 1800s-early 1900s, the navy became concerned about possible homosexual activity among their sailors

so they sent in decoys, whose job was to pretend to want to engage in homosexual activity in order to find gay sailors

except then the job of the decoy got popular

like, really popular

like… worryingly popular?

reports said that the decoys were performing their jobs with “much enthusiasm and zeal”

eventually the navy decided. to. just stop.

Reblogging because I’ve found a source to support this, quoted below (my bolding for emphasis):

The ex-detective from Connecticut who boasted that he could pick out the “cruising” fairies on Manhattan’s Riverside Drive with 90 percent accuracy—not a challenging task, given the blatant style of the area—convinced his superiors that an undercover operation was the only way to secure evidence that would stand up in court. Accordingly, he quietly enlisted a staff of Navy investigators “in the capacity of detectives” who would circulate among the suspected population of perverts at the YMCA or elsewhere, strike up friendships, and take careful note of all that transpired. He wanted no one over thirty, he said, on the well-known assumption that homosexuals never bothered with men that old. His ideal volunteer was in his late teens or early twenties, handsome, none too intellectually inclined (to judge by their later testimony in court), and willing to put himself in awkward situations for the good of the service. He found an ample number to take on the assignment, more than a dozen at first, and sought assurances that his men, if forced to break the law—that is, go the limit to complete their mission—would not themselves be subject to prosecution.

    The specific duties the recruits were charged with fell into three areas: to gather information about “cocaine joints” and the sale of liquor; to gather information “pertaining to cocksuckers and rectum receivers” and any network of “said fairies”; and to gather information about prostitutes in the area. In reality, once their project hit its stride, Arnold’s band of investigators showed no interest to speak of in the “fallen women” of Newport and only minimal concern with the illegal drug traffic. What went on behind closed doors at the YMCA or in the romantic shadows of Cliff Walk was another matter. In their pursuit of the “cocksuckers” Arnold had charged them to find—and in the fairly staggering amount of oral sex they enjoyed in the line of duty—this group of young men was all but tireless. In fact, their assiduous performance was to become by the end of the summer a profound humiliation to the Department of the Navy and its leadership.”

- The Other Side of Silence, by John Loughery; Chapter One, 1: A Scandal in Newport